2165 B.C. – birth of Abraham (Abram).
2155 B.C. – birth of Sarah (Sarai).
2090 B.C. – Abram enters Canaan (Genesis 12:5).
2079 B.C. – birth of Ishmael (Genesis 16:15).
2066 B.C. – God destroys four of the five “cities of the plain” (Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim) by raining brimstone and fire upon them because of their sinfulness (Genesis 18:20–19:29).
2065 B.C. – birth of Isaac (Genesis 21:2–3).
2028 B.C. – death of Sarah at the age of 127 (Genesis 23:1).
2027 B.C. – Isaac marries Rebekah (Genesis 24:67).
2005 B.C. – birth of Esau (Edom) and Jacob (Israel) (Genesis 25:22–26).
1990 B.C. – death of Abraham at the age of 175 (Genesis 25:7).
1965 B.C. – Esau (Edom) marries Judith and Bashemath (BASH-i-math) (Genesis 26:34). He had previously married two other women (Adah (AY-dah) and Aholibamah (uh-holl-ee-BAY-mah)), so this brought the total number of his wives to four (Genesis 36:2).
1942 B.C. – death of Ishmael at the age of 137 (Genesis 25:17).
1914 B.C. – birth of Joseph (Genesis 30:22–24).
1897 B.C. – Joseph, at the age of 17, is sold for twenty pieces of silver by his brothers to Ishmeelite traders who are on their way to Egypt (Genesis 37:2, 28).
1885 B.C. – death of Isaac at the age of 180 (Genesis 35:28).
1884 B.C. – Joseph, at the age of 30, is made ruler (under Pharaoh) over all the land of Egypt (Genesis 41:41–46).
1875 B.C. – Jacob (Israel), his children (other than Joseph because he was already in Egypt), their spouses, and their children move to the land of Egypt (Genesis 46:5–7).
1858 B.C. – death of Jacob (Israel) at the age of 147 (Genesis 47:28; 49:33).
1804 B.C. – death of Joseph at the age of 110 (Genesis 50:26).
1528 B.C. – birth of Aaron.
1525 B.C. – birth of Moses (Exodus 2:2).
1485 B.C. – Moses kills an Egyptian and flees to the land of Midian (Exodus 2:11–15).
1484 B.C. – birth of Caleb, the son of Jephunneh (jeh-FUNN-ee), the Kenizite.
1445 B.C. – the Israelite Exodus from Egypt, and the year that Moses receives the commandments for the Old Covenant from God on Mount Sinai.
1444 B.C. – the Israelites reach the promised land, the land of Canaan, but refuse to go in, so God sentences them to wander 40 years in the wilderness until all the adults—except for Joshua and Caleb and their families—die. (They received a one year credit for “time served” because they had already been in the wilderness for one year on their way to the promised land.)
1405 B.C. – death of Miriam in the first month of the (Jewish) year (Numbers 20:1); death of Aaron at the age of 123 in the fifth month of the (Jewish) year (Numbers 20:28; 33:38–39); death of Moses at the age of 120 (Deuteronomy 34:7); and the year that the children of Israel cross the Jordan River and enter the land of Canaan.
605 B.C. – Nebuchadnezzar II (Nebuchadrezzar II) of Babylonia invades Judah and takes a number of Jews captive to Babylon, Babylonia, including Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah (This is known as the first deportation.), thus signifying the beginning of the Babylonian Captivity.
601 B.C. – Babylonia attacks Egypt.
597 B.C. – the second deportation of Jews from Judah to Babylon, Babylonia. This included King Jehoiachin (Jeconiah, Coniah) of Judah and the Mordecai of the book of Esther (Esther 2:5–7; Jeremiah 52:28).
587 B.C. – the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, and the third deportation of Jews from Judah to Babylon, Babylonia.
582 B.C. – the fourth deportation of Jews from Judah to Babylon, Babylonia.
568 B.C. – Babylonia attacks Egypt.
562 B.C. – King Nebuchadnezzar II dies and Evil-Merodach (Amel-Marduk), the son of Nebuchadnezzar II, begins to reign over Babylonia.
560 B.C. – King Evil-Merodach dies and Nergal-Sharezer (Nergal-Sarezer, Nergal-shar-usur, Nariglissar), the husband of Nebuchadnezzar II's daughter, ?, begins to reign over Babylonia.
559 B.C. – Cyrus II (the Great, the Persian, the Elder), the son of Cambyses I, begins to reign over Persia.
556 B.C. – King Nergal-Sharezer dies and Labashi-Marduk, the son of Nergal-Sharezer, begins to reign over Babylonia and reigns for nine months.
556 B.C. – King Labashi-Marduk dies and Nabonidus (Nabunaid), the husband of Nebuchadnezzar II's daughter, Nitocris, begins to reign over Babylonia.
553 B.C. – Belshazzar (Bel-shar-usus), the oldest son of King Nabonidus and Nitocris, begins to reign over Babylonia with his father.
550 B.C. – King Cyrus II of Persia defeats the Medes and their king, Astyages (Ahasuerus), and the two kingdoms are combined into the Media-Persian or Medo-Persian empire.
539 B.C. – King Cyrus II, the king of the Medo-Persian empire, conquers Babylon (by his general, Ugbaru (Gubaru or Gobryas), because he, himself, did not arrive until about two-and-a-half weeks later), killing King Belshazzar in the process (King Nabonidus, the co-regent of Babylonia, was not killed.), and appoints 62-year-old Darius (Cyaxares II) the Mede (Median), the son of Ahasuerus (Astyages), as the king of Babylon under him (Daniel 5:30–31; 9:1). (King Darius the Mede is not to be confused with Ugbaru (Gubaru or Gobryas), the former Guti governor of Gutium, who was Cyrus's general and who died about three-and-a-half weeks after conquering Babylon.)
537 B.C. – King Cyrus II issues a decree that the Jews may return to Judah and rebuild the temple in Jerusalem (Ezra 1:1–4).
535 B.C. – the first group of Jews return to Judah from Babylon, thus signifying the end of the Babylonian Captivity.
486 B.C. – Ahasuerus (the Great), the son of Darius I (the Great), begins to reign over Persia (Medo-Persia) from the capital city of Shushan (Susa). (Ahasuerus was his Hebrew name. His Greek name was Xerxes I (the Great) and his Persian name was Khshayarsha I (the Great).)
7 B.C. – about June 21st (about the first day of summer) the angel, Gabriel, appears to Zacharias in the temple, and shortly thereafter Zacharias' wife, Elizabeth, becomes pregnant with John the Baptist (Luke 1:5–25).
7 B.C. – sometime during the last month of autumn (about November 21st to December 20th) the angel, Gabriel, appears to Mary of Nazareth, Galilee, and shortly thereafter Mary supernaturally becomes pregnant with Jesus (Luke 1:26–38).
6 B.C. – about March 21st (about the first day of spring) Elizabeth gives birth to John the Baptist (Luke 1:57).
6 B.C. – about spring or early summer Caesar Augustus issues a decree that everybody needs to be enrolled for taxation purposes (Luke 2:1).
6 B.C. – about September 21st (about the first day of autumn; Tishri 1st on the Jewish calendar) Jesus is born in Bethlehem, Judea, Israel (Luke 2:6–7).
6 B.C. – about September 29th (Tishri 9th on the Jewish calendar) Jesus is circumcised (Luke 2:21).
5 B.C. – sometime in January, Joseph, Mary, and the baby Jesus.arrive back home in Nazareth, Galilee (Luke 2:39).
4 B.C. – about January the wise men arrive in Israel, and after stopping in Jerusalem, visit Joseph, Mary, and the young child, Jesus, in Nazareth, Galilee (Matthew 2:1-11).
4 B.C. – about January or February the wise men return (begin their journey) home; Joseph, Mary, and Jesus flee to Egypt; and King Herod I (the Great) has all the children in Israel from two years old and younger murdered (Matthew 2:12-18).
4 B.C. – on March 13th King Herod I (the Great) dies (Matthew 2:19).
4 B.C. – about springtime Joseph, Mary, and Jesus return home to Nazareth, Galilee from Egypt (Matthew 2:19-23).
8 – Jesus, at the age of 12½, stays behind at Jerusalem after the Feast of Passover, without telling His parents (Luke 2:41–50).
25 – about March 21st (about the first day of spring, about the time John the Baptist turns 30) John the Baptist enters the ministry and begins baptizing people in the Jordan River (Luke 3:1-6).
25 – about September 21st (about the first day of autumn, about the time Jesus turns 30) Jesus is baptized by John the Baptist in the Jordan River and He is led by the Holy Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil for 40 days (Luke 3:21-23; 4:1).
25 – about October 31st Jesus returns to Galilee in the power of the Holy Spirit and He enters the ministry (Luke 4:2-14).
29 – Jesus, at the age of 33½, is crucified, dies, is buried, and raised from the dead.
66 – the Jews rise up in rebellion to Rome.
70 – the Romans finally quell the rebellion (win the war) and destroy and burn Jerusalem and the temple and take tens of thousands of Jews (including some Christian Jews) to Rome as slaves.
79 – Mount Vesuvius, on the western coast of the nation of Italy, erupts, and the cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii are destroyed. This was God's judgment on these cities because of their wickedness. Archeologists have found abundant evidence in the ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii of the sin and iniquity that they were involved in. This was very similar to what happened to the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah in 2066 B.C. (Genesis 18:20–19:29), when they were destroyed because of their sinfulness.
313 – the Roman emperor Constantine I (the Great) founds the Roman Catholic Church and becomes its first pope. Pope Constantine presides over the Roman Catholic Church until his death in 337, and is succeeded by the second pope, Pope Julius I, who is pope from 337 to 352.
321 – the Edict of Constantine.
325 – the first Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (at Nicaea) presided over by Pope Constantine.
354 – the Roman Catholic Church and Pope Liberius (the third pope of the Roman Catholic Church (352-366)) choose the date of December 25th for the celebration of Jesus' birth.
381 – the second Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (at Constantinople).
431 – the third Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (at Ephesus).
451 – the fourth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (at Chalcedon).
476 – the Western Roman Empire falls, thus signifying the beginning of the Dark Ages.
553 – the fifth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (the second Council of Constantinople).
680–681 – the sixth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (the third Council of Constantinople).
787 – the seventh Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (the second Council of Nicaea)
869–870 – the eighth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (the fourth Council of Constantinople).
1123 – the ninth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (at Lateran).
1139 – the tenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (the second Council of Lateran).
1179 – the eleventh Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (the third Council of Lateran).
1200 – the approximate year that the Bible is divided into chapters.
1215 – the twelfth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (the fourth Council of Lateran). It was at this council, presided over by Pope Innocent III (the 143rd pope of the Roman Catholic Church (1198-1216)), that the (false) doctrine of transubstantiation was officially made a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church.
1245 – the thirteenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (at Lyon).
1254 – the Roman Catholic Church and Pope Innocent IV (the 147th pope of the Roman Catholic Church (1243-1254)) formulate the (false) doctrine of purgatory.
1274 – the fourteenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (the second Council of Lyon). It was at this council, presided over by Pope Gregory X (the 151st pope of the Roman Catholic Church (1271-1276)), that the (false) doctrine of purgatory was officially made a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church.
1450 – Johannes Gutenberg invents the printing press (with movable type) in Mainz, Germany.
1453 – Constantinople and the Eastern Roman Empire (the Byzantium Empire) fall, thus signifying the end of the Dark Ages.
1456 – the Gutenberg Bible (a.k.a. the Mazarin Bible or the 42-Line Bible), the first book produced on a printing press (with movable type), is printed in Latin.
1517 – Martin Luther affixes his 95 theses to the castle church door of the University of Wittenberg in Wittenberg, Saxony, Germany, on October 31st, thus signifying the beginning of the Reformation.
1551 – the New Testament is divided into verses.
1560 – the Old Testament is divided into verses.
1582 – the Gregorian calendar—named after Pope Gregory XIII, the 193rd pope of the Roman Catholic Church, who was pope from 1572 to 1585— is adopted, replacing the Julian calendar. Ten days are skipped. Thursday, October 4, 1582 (of the Julian calendar) is followed by Friday, October 15, 1582 (of the Gregorian calendar).
1603 – Queen Elizabeth I dies and King James I succeeds to the throne of England.
1604 – the Christians (many of which were Puritans) request of King James I that a new English translation of the Bible be made.
1604 – translation begins on the Authorized Version (the King James Version) of the Bible under the order of King James I.
1611 – the Authorized Version (the King James Version) of the Bible is finished being translated from the Masoretic Text (the Old Testament) and Textus Receptus (the New Testament) and is published.
1752 – North America converts from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar. Eleven days are skipped. Wednesday, September 2, 1752 (of the Julian calendar) is followed by Thursday, September 14, 1752 (of the Gregorian calendar).
1965 – After reading a chapter of a manuscript of her husband's book entitled “World Aflame” that described the sinful conditions of America, Ruth Graham says to Billy, “If God doesn't judge America, He's going to have to apologize to Sodom and Gomorrah.”
1988 – Batavia Christian Center / Matthew Norville Ministries is founded in Batavia, Illinois, U.S.A., and holds its first service on Sunday, June 5th.