Biblical Definitions

(Norville's Bible Dictionary)


PREFACE

This is a Bible Dictionary. This is a dictionary of words, terms, people, places, and things that are either in the Bible or are in some way related to the Bible. The definitions given here are Biblical definitions. The words and terms are defined in the way that the Bible uses them. In other fields these words and terms may carry different meanings. We are not concerned with those other meanings here. Here, we are only concerned with how God uses these words and terms in and relating to His Word.

In a standard dictionary, after the word, the pronunciation of the word, and what part of speech the word is (noun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, etc.), an etymology is usually given. The etymology shows the origin and line of development of the word. Within this etymology oftentimes, are the original meanings of the words that are the parts of the etymology. This is what the word actually means.

Following the etymology and the meanings of the words in the etymology, are the various ways that the word is used (and misused) in speaking and writing. Oftentimes there will be several “definitions.” Sometimes these “definitions” are numbered (1., 2., 3., etc.) and/or lettered (a., b., c., etc.).

It is important to understand when using a dictionary, that words can mean different things in different fields and different contexts. For example, if a person says that they “have a run,” it depends on the context of the conversation. If the person is talking about playing cards, this could mean 5 cards in numerical sequence. If the person is talking about dogs and kennels, this could mean an enclosed area where the dogs can move about freely. If it is a woman talking, and she is looking at her pantyhose, it could mean that her pantyhose have a cut, or hole, or a section that has become separated. If it is a long distance runner speaking, he could mean that he has some sort of a running race coming up.

A dictionary also gives definitions for various fields. The dictionary will say, “in music,” and give the definition of the word as it is used in the music field. The dictionary will say, “in law,” and give the definition of the word as it is used in the law field. The dictionary will say, “in medicine,” and give the definition of the word as it is used in the field of medicine. The dictionary will say, “in aviation,” and give the definition of the word as it is used in the aviation field. Etc., etc., etc.

A standard dictionary also gives definitions for “the fields” of “Christianity” and “the Bible.” The dictionary will say, “in Christianity,” and give the definition of the word as it is (supposedly) used in Christianity. The dictionary will say, “in the Bible,” and give the definition of the word as it is (supposedly) used in the Bible. The problem here is that the people who are usually writing the definitions for “in Christianity,” and “in the Bible,” and such related “fields,” don’t understand the Bible, and thus do not really understand how God is using these words and terms in His Word!

Therefore, (and this is the whole point of this preface), we cannot necessarily go by what a standard dictionary says when we are talking about words and terms that are in the Bible and Christianity, or related to the Bible and Christianity. We have to go by what God says in His Word. The Bible defines itself. In Bible-believing circles we say that, “Scripture interprets Scripture.”

Many of these words have variant spellings and pronunciations. For example, the word “Hanukkah” has at least 20 variant spellings (Chanuka, Chanukah, Chanukka, Chanukkah, Channuka, Channukka, Channukah, Channukkah, Chanuqa, Hanuka, Hanukah, Hanukka, Hanukkah, Hannuka, Hannukah, Hannukka, Hannukkah, Janukah, Janukkah, Xanuka) and at least 4 different pronunciations (HAH-noo-kah, KAH-noo-kah, JAH-noo-kah, GZAH-noo-kah). However, usually only one spelling and one pronunciation is given here.

Also included are some educational and scientific terms that are not actually in the Bible, but have some relationship with Biblical teaching on various subjects.

With this having now been said, we can proceed to the Biblical Definitions.

abortion -- the murder of an unborn child.

Achaia (uh-KAY-uh) -- the name of the province that comprised the southern portion of Greece. Its capital city was Corinth. (The name of the province of the northern portion was Macedonia.)

adult -- a person who is 20 years of age or older; a person who is not a child. (see When Does a Person Become an Adult?)

adulterer -- a person who commits adultery.

adulteress -- a girl or woman who commits adultery.

adultery -- fornication where at least one of the people involved is married.

agnostic -- a person who claims that they don’t know if God exists or not.

Romans 1:18-22 says:

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath showed it unto them.
20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools.

The Word of God says here that all people know that God exists. The existence of God is manifest in them because God has shown it to them. The existence of God is clearly seen by all people, being understood by the things that are made (His creation). Everybody knows that God created the universe and all things in it, and that the things we see did not come into existence by some “Big Bang” and/or evolution. Even His eternal power and Godhead are clearly seen and understood by all people so that all people are without excuse.

The Word of God says that even though all people knew that God exists, some chose to not glorify Him as God and to be unthankful. They then became vain in their imaginations and their foolish hearts were darkened. Claiming to be wise, they became fools.

Therefore, all agnostics are fools and liars and cannot be trusted.

Alphaeus (al-FEE-uss) -- There are two different men named Alphaeus in the Bible, both of whom are in the New Testament.

1) The father of James and Judas Lebbaeus, two of the twelve original apostles. (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15-16; Acts 1:13)

2) The father of Matthew (Levi), one of the twelve original apostles. (Mark 2:14)

Assyrian Captivity -- the carrying away of the northern kingdom of Israel to Assyria in 722 B.C. when Shalmaneser V, the king of Assyria, conquered the northern kingdom of Israel and carried away its ten tribes to Assyria. This was the end of the northern kingdom of Israel as these tribes never returned to Israel and were “lost.” Because of this, these ten tribes are sometimes referred to as “the ten lost tribes of Israel.”

atheist -- a person who claims that they don’t believe that God exists.

Romans 1:18-22 says:

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath showed it unto them.
20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools.

The Word of God says here that all people know that God exists. The existence of God is manifest in them because God has shown it to them. The existence of God is clearly seen by all people, being understood by the things that are made (His creation). Everybody knows that God created the universe and all things in it, and that the things we see did not come into existence by some “Big Bang” and/or evolution. Even His eternal power and Godhead are clearly seen and understood by all people so that all people are without excuse.

The Word of God says that even though all people knew that God exists, some chose to not glorify Him as God and to be unthankful. They then became vain in their imaginations and their foolish hearts were darkened. Claiming to be wise, they became fools.

Therefore, all atheists are fools and liars and cannot be trusted.

atmosphere (ATT-muss-feer) (first heaven) -- the area from the surface of the earth to about 100 kilometers above the earth (where the Karman line is). This includes the troposphere (11 kilometers), the stratosphere (39 kilometers), the mesosphere (35 kilometers), and the first 15 kilometers of the thermosphere. This is where the birds fly, airplanes fly, the clouds are, weather balloons are, etc.

Atonement, Day of -- the 10th day of the 7th month on the Jewish calendar (Ethanim or Tishri 10th). (definition to come)

babe -- Early Modern English word for baby. (see baby)

baby (babe, infant) -- a child who has not yet reached the point in their life when they can speak. Once a child is old enough to talk, they are no longer a baby. This point is usually between one and two years of age.

Babylonian Captivity -- a period of 70 years (605-535 B.C.) which began when the Babylonian Empire conquered the southern kingdom of Judah and took some of the Jews captive to Babylon. It ended when the Persian Empire conquered the Babylonian Empire and allowed the Jews to return to their homeland of Judah.

bar mitzvah (bar MITZ-vuh) -- the Hebrew term for “son of the commandment;” the Jewish term for the ceremonial time when a boy reaches “the age of accountability.” (see What is “the Age of Accountability?”)

bastard (illegitimate child) -- a child who is conceived (comes into existence) outside of wedlock. A child who is “born” outside of wedlock may or may not be a bastard. If a married woman conceives a child in wedlock, and while pregnant gets divorced or becomes a widow, and then gives birth to the child while she is unmarried, the child is NOT a bastard. By the same token, a child who is “born” inside of wedlock is a bastard if the child was conceived (came into existence) outside of wedlock.

bat mitzvah (bat MITZ-vuh) -- the Hebrew term for “daughter of the commandment;” the Jewish term for the ceremonial time when a girl reaches “the age of accountability.”  (see What is “the Age of Accountability?”)

beastiality (bees-tee-AL-it-ee) -- sexual relations with an animal. A type of fornication, which, like homosexuality, is unnatural (against nature). (Exodus 22:19; Leviticus 18:23; Deuteronomy 27:21) Beastiality and homosexuality are also known as "sodomy." Beastiality is a perverted behavior, and anyone who says that beastiality is normal, is also perverted. The Word of God says that beastiality is an abomination in the sight of God, and such people who commit this sin deserve the death penalty. Leviticus 20:15-6 says,

“And if a man lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death: and ye shall slay the beast. And if a woman approach unto any beast, and lie down thereto, thou shalt kill the woman, and the beast: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.”

Booths, Feast of (see Tabernacles, Feast of ).

boy -- a male person who is under the age of 20 (has not yet reached his 20th birthday); a male person who is not an adult. This would include male children from conception on. (see When Does a Person Become an Adult?)

child -- a person who is under the age of 20 (has not yet reached their 20th birthday); a person who is not an adult. This would include children from conception on. (see When Does a Person Become an Adult?)

church -- The word “church” is used several different ways. (see church building, church service, local church, universal church)

church building -- a building where the local church (the pastor and the congregation) meets. Called “church” for short.

church service -- a meeting where people are gathered together to praise and worship God, to be taught the Word of God, to pray, to fellowship with each other, etc. Called “church” for short.

Cleophas (KLEE-oh-fass) -- the husband of Mary, and brother-in-law of Jesus’ mother, Mary. Cleophas’ wife, Mary, was the sister of Mary, the mother of Jesus (John 19:25). Cleophas and his wife, Mary, were the parents of James the less and Joses (Mark 15:40). Cleophas is NOT the same person as Cleopas (KLEE-oh-pass) who walked 60 furlongs (12 kilometers) from Jerusalem to Emmaus with Jesus and another person on Resurrection Sunday in Luke 24:13-29. Cleophas is also NOT the same person as Alphaeus (al-FEE-uss) who was the father of James and Judas Lebbaeus, two of the twelve original apostles. (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15-16; Acts 1:13)

cubit -- a unit of measurement equal to the distance from the end of a man’s elbow to the tip of his middle finger. This varied slightly from one people to another as different peoples are of slightly different statures, but the average was about ½ of a meter.

cult -- a religious organization that calls itself “Christian”, but in reality is not Christian, because it does not believe the basic doctrine of the Bible that would make it Christian (i.e. being born again according to Romans 10:9).  (see What is a Cult?)

days of unleavened bread -- the 13th day through the 21st day of the 1st month on the Jewish calendar (Abib or Nisan 13th through 21st). (Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:12; Luke 22:7; Acts 12:3; 20:6) Under the Old Covenant during the Day of Passover (Nisan 14th) and the Feast of Passover (Nisan 15th through 21st), the Jews were forbidden to eat, or even to have, any leavened bread in their homes (Exodus12:8,17-20). That is why this feast is sometimes called the “Feast of Unleavened Bread.” In order to make sure that there was no leaven in their homes by sunset on the 13th of Nisan (Sunset on the 13th would signify the start of the 14th.), the Jews made sure that there was no leaven in their homes by sunset on the 12th of Nisan (Sunset on the 12th would signify the start of the 13th.). This gave them a one day “cushion” before the 14th in case they found any leaven in their homes on the 13th. They also killed the Passover lamb and prepared for the Passover meal during the day of the 13th. Then when the evening arrived (meaning it was now the 14th) they all celebrated the Passover meal together.

Note: It is important to note that in the King James Version (KJV) of the Bible, words that are not in the original Hebrew, Aramaic, or Greek are in italics. The italicized words are words that were added by the translators in order to make the text read smoothly in English. The translators did an outstanding job in translating the Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek words into English. However, in some cases where they added the italicized words, the italicized words were added incorrectly. This is exactly why the translators added these words in italics. The translators wanted us to know that these words were not in the original languages that the Bible was written in. They wanted us to know that these italicized words were NOT inspired by God. They wanted us to know that these italicized words that they added may not be correct.

Such is the case in Matthew 26:17. The KJV reads:

“Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the Passover?”

Notice that the word day and the words feast of are in italics. That means that these three words were not in the original Greek that the gospel of Matthew was written in. They were added by the translators. We know that the word feast should not be there because Mark 14:12 says:

“And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the Passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the Passover?”

and Luke 22:7-9 says:

“Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the Passover must be killed. And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the Passover, that we may eat. And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?”

It is clear from these scriptures that Jesus and his disciples had not yet eaten the Passover meal. The Passover meal was always eaten on Nisan 14th. The Feast of Passover did not begin until the next day, Nisan 15th. So when the disciples were talking to Jesus about the preparation of the Passover meal, it was during the daytime of Nisan 13th. Neither the Passover nor the Feast of the Passover had started yet. Remember that the days of the Jewish calendar went from sunset to sunset--not midnight to midnight. So sometime during the daytime of Nisan 13th, Jesus’ disciples prepared for them to eat the Passover meal. The Word of God then says in Matthew 26:20-21:

“.Now when the evening was come, he sat down with the twelve. And as they did eat...”

and in Mark 14:17-18:

“And in the evening he cometh with the twelve. And as they sat and did eat...”

and in Luke 22:14:

“And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.”

When the evening came, it became the 14th of Nisan. So Jesus and his disciples then ate the Passover meal.

Therefore, the disciples prepared for all of them to eat the Passover meal--including the killing of the Passover lamb--during the daytime of Nisan 13th. Therefore, Matthew 26:17 should have the italicized word feast replaced with the italicized word days and should read:

“Now the first day of the days of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the Passover?”

The disciples came to Jesus asking him where to prepare the Passover meal on the first day of the days of unleavened bread, Nisan 13th. They were not asking him where to prepare the meal on Nisan 15th, the first day of the feast--after the Day of Passover and the celebratory meal were over!

Some of the confusion arises because many Christians do not understand the Old Testament Jewish Calendar. They don’t understand the difference between the Day of Passover when the Passover meal was eaten on the 14th of Nisan, and the Feast of Passover which ran for 7 days from the 15th of Nisan through the 21st of Nisan. They also do not understand that the “days of unleavened bread” began the day before Passover, on Nisan 13th.

Dead Sea (Salt Sea, Sea of the Arabah, Sea of the Plain, East(ern) Sea) -- an inland sea at the mouth of the Jordan River at the southern end of the Jordan valley. It is approximately 80 kilometers long (north to south) and up to 16 kilometers wide (east to west). The surface of the water is 390 kilometers below sea level, and at its deepest part, the water is 390 kilometers deep. In Arabic it is called Bahr Lut (i.e. the Sea of Lot). It is also sometimes known as the Sea of Asphalt or Lake Asphaltites because of the bitumen pits that now lie underneath its surface and expel bitumen (which is used to make asphalt) into the sea. Nothing flows out of it, and because it is so rich in minerals, nothing can live in it. Hence its name, the “Dead Sea.”

death -- There are three types of death mentioned in the Bible. (see spiritual death, physical death, the second death)

Dedication, Feast of the (see Hanukkah, Feast of).

dies (DEE-ays) -- the Latin word for "day."

dies natalis -- the Latin phrase for "birthday."

divers (DIY-vers) -- Early Modern English word for diverse (diy-VERS or di-VERS).

dog (masculine noun) -- This word is used two ways in the Scriptures: 1) It sometimes refers to a natural dog. 2) It is sometimes used metaphorically in referring to a man of impure mind (an impudent, brazenly immodest, shameless man). This could include a male fornicator. This word, when it is used metaphorically in this sense, is used interchangeably with sodomite in Deuteronomy 23:17-8:

“There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel. Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the LORD thy God for any vow: for even both of these are abomination unto the LORD thy God.”

East(ern) Sea (see Dead Sea).

elementary school (grade school, grammar school, primary school) -- grades 1 through 8. Normally a child is 6 years old when he or she begins elementary school. Each school year starts about the 1st of September and runs to the end of May.

fault -- a flaw or weakness. A fault is NOT a sin.

feasts (sometimes called festivals ) -- There were three feasts instituted by God (Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles) under the Old Covenant. The Jews later added two of their own (Purim and Hanukkah), bringing the total number of feasts that the Jews celebrated to five. Under the New Covenant we no longer observe the three Old Covenant feasts that God instituted, and there are no New Covenant feasts instituted by God.

The three feasts instituted by God (Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles) were given to Moses by God on Mount Sinai with the rest of the Old Covenant commandments in 1445 B.C., and were a part of the Old Covenant. These three feasts are sometimes referred to as the “feasts of peregrination” because they required all the male Israelites to travel to Jerusalem to celebrate them. (Exodus 34:23; Leviticus 16:16) All three feasts began with a Sabbath Day and ended with a Sabbath Day. (The Feast of Pentecost was only a one day feast, so the feast was a Sabbath Day.)

The two feasts instituted by the Jews (Purim and Hanukkah) were first celebrated in 473 B.C. and 164 B.C. respectively, and were NOT a part of the Old Covenant.

While it is not wrong for a Christian to celebrate the Feast of Purim or the Feast of Hanukkah with the Jewish people, it is wrong for a Christian to observe any of the three God instituted Old Covenant feasts. Since all three Old Covenant feasts pointed to the coming of Jesus Christ, observing an Old Covenant feast is akin to saying that Jesus Christ, the Messiah, has not come yet.

(For a brief explanation of each of the five feasts, see each individual feast: i.e. Passover, Pentecost, Tabernacles, Purim, Hanukkah .)

Note 1: The Day of Trumpets, the 1st day of the 7th month on the Jewish calendar, was NOT a feast day. Many so-called “Bible scholars” and “Bible study helps” wrongly refer to the Day of Trumpets as a feast day.

Note 2: Some Jews of today claim to still observe the three Old Testament feasts that were instituted by God. (Some even claim that there were more than three, but this is contrary to the written Word of God.) However, they do not observe them according to the commandments (including the dates) of the Old Testament of the Bible. Instead, they have made up their own traditions (including the dates) in “observing” them. They call them “Pesach” (pronounced PAY-sokk) for Passover, “Shavuot” (pronounced shah-VOO-oht) for Pentecost, and “Sukkot” (pronounced soo-KOHT) for Tabernacles. (There are various spellings and pronunciations for these Jewish words.)

festivals (see feasts ).

first heaven (atmosphere) -- the atmosphere around the earth. It extends from the surface of the earth to about 100 kilometers above the earth (where the Karman line is). This includes the troposphere (11 kilometers), the stratosphere (39 kilometers), the mesosphere (35 kilometers), and the first 15 kilometers of the thermosphere. This is where the birds fly, airplanes fly, the clouds are, weather balloons are, etc.

first lady -- the wife of the president of the United States of America.

Some local churches refer to their pastor's wife as the "first lady," but this is not Biblically correct, and is a misuse of the term.

If the president of the United States of America was a woman, her husband would be the "first gentleman."

first resurrection (resurrection of life) -- the resurrection of the righteous. This takes place after the 7 year tribulation, but before the millennium. They (the righteous) will then reign with Christ a thousand years, and ultimately will be in Heaven for all eternity.

Firstfruits, Day of (Yom Bikkurim; yohm BIKK-ur-im) -- There were two different days of firstfruits under the Old Covenant. There was the Day of Firstfruits of the Barley Harvest , the 2nd day of the Feast of the Passover, which was the 16th day of the 1st month, Abib or Nisan 16th, and there was the Day of Firstfruits of the Wheat Harvest , the Feast of Pentecost, which was the 6th day of the 3rd month, Sivan 6th. There were exactly 7 weeks from the Day of Firstfruits of the Barley Harvest to the Day of Firstfruits of the Wheat Harvest. This is why the Day of Firstfruits of the Wheat Harvest is sometimes called the “Feast of Weeks.”

(For a brief explanation of each of the two days of firstfruits, see each individual day: i.e. Firstfruits of Barley Harvest, Firstfruits of Wheat Harvest .)

Firstfruits of Barley Harvest, Day of -- The Day of Firstfruits of Barley Harvest was the 2nd day of the Feast of Passover, Abib or Nisan 16th, which celebrated the reaping of the barley harvest by offering the firstfruits of the barley harvest unto the Lord. (Leviticus 23:7-14) The 1st day of the Feast of Passover, Abib or Nisan 15th, was a Sabbath Day (“a holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.,” verse 7), and the next day (“the morrow after the Sabbath,” verse 11), was the day that the firstfruits of the barley harvest were offered.

Note: There are some who have claimed that the only Sabbath Days mentioned in the Bible are the Weekly Sabbaths, the Saturday Sabbaths, and they deny the existence of the other seven Sabbath Days mentioned in the Old Testament. They say that “holy convocations” where “ye shall do no servile work therein” are not necessarily Sabbaths. Therefore, they conclude that the Day of Firstfruits of Barley Harvest was celebrated on the Sunday following the Weekly Sabbath that occurred during the Feast of Passover, thus being on a different date every year. This is implausible. Not only is the Word of God very clear that a “holy convocation” where “ye shall do no servile work therein” is a Sabbath Day (Leviticus 23:24-25), but this would mean that about once every seven years when the Feast of Passover began on a Sunday, that the Day of Firstfruits of Barley Harvest would be celebrated after the Feast of Passover had concluded! This is preposterous. This is error. This is contrary to the Word of God as the Day of Firstfruits of Barley Harvest is a part of the Feast of Passover.

Firstfruits of Wheat Harvest, Day of (see Pentecost, Feast of ).

fornication (sexual sin) -- any kind of sexual activity outside of marriage. (see What is Fornication?)

fornicator -- a person who commits fornication.

full-time ministry -- a term that some Christians use to denote a person who is in the ministry and does not have another job on the side. (If a minister has another job on the side, these people say that the minister is in "part-time ministry.")

THE TERMS "FULL-TIME MINISTRY" AND "PART-TIME MINISTRY" ARE NOT IN THE WORD OF GOD. According to the Word of God, a person is either in the ministry, or not in the ministry. Whether or not a minister has another job, has nothing to do with it.

furlong -- a unit of measurement equal to 200 meters (400 cubits).

Gadara  (GADD-uh-ruh) -- a city about 10 kilometers southeast of the Sea of Galilee. On the shore of the Sea of Galilee in the countryside of this city, Jesus cast a legion of demons out of a possessed, naked man. (Mark 5:1-20; Luke 8:26-39)

This is not to be confused with Gergesa, a city midway down the east coast of the Sea of Galilee, opposite Magdala, where Jesus cast demons out of two possessed people. (Matthew 8:28-34)

This is also not to be confused with Gerasa, a city about 60 kilometers southeast of the Sea of Galilee, and which is not mentioned in the Bible.

Gadarenes (gadd-uh-REENZ) -- residents of the town and countryside of Gadara.

gay (adjective) -- 1) joyous and lively; merry; happy. 2) bright; brilliant in color.

Gergesa (GURR-geh-suh) -- a city midway down the east coast of the Sea of Galilee, opposite Magdala, where Jesus cast demons out of two possessed people. (Matthew 8:28-34)

This is not to be confused with Gadara, a city about 10 kilometers southeast of the Sea of Galilee, where Jesus, on the Sea of Galilee's shore of its countryside, cast a legion of demons out of one possessed, naked man. (Mark 5:1-20; Luke 8:26-39)

This is also not to be confused with Gerasa, a city about 60 kilometers southeast of the Sea of Galilee, and which is not mentioned in the Bible.

Gergesenes (gurr-geh-SEENZ) -- residents of the town and countryside of Gergesa.

gigolo (JIGG-uh-loh) -- a whoremonger who receives payment for committing fornication. (Payment could be in any form such as money, food, clothing, housing, transportation, employment, entertainment, special favors, etc.)

girl -- a female person who is under the age of 20 (has not yet reached her 20th birthday); a female person who is not an adult. This would include female children from conception on. (see When Does a Person Become an Adult?)

gluttony -- the sin of eating too much food.

grade school (elementary school, grammar school, primary school) -- grades 1 through 8. Normally a child is 6 years old when he or she begins grade school.  Each school year starts about the 1st of September and runs to the end of May.

grammar school (elementary school, grade school, primary school) -- grades 1 through 8. Normally a child is 6 years old when he or she begins grammar school.  Each school year starts about the 1st of September and runs to the end of May.

Hanukkah, Feast of (Feast of the Dedication, Feast of Lights) -- the 25th day of the 9th month through the 2nd day of the 10th month on the Jewish calendar (Chislev 25th through Tebeth 2nd). (definition to come)

harlot (prostitute) -- a whore who receives payment for committing fornication. (Payment could be in any form such as money, food, clothing, housing, transportation, employment, entertainment, special favors, etc.)

Harvest, Feast of (see Pentecost, Feast of ).

heaven -- there are 3 different heavens mentioned in the Bible. If it is capitalized (Heaven), it is referring to the third heaven. (see first heaven, second heaven, third heaven)

heavens, the -- This phrase (the heavens) refers to the first and second heavens. (see first heaven, second heaven) We sometimes would call the heavens, “the sky,” or “the skies.” Sometimes in the King James Version (KJV), “the heavens” is just translated “heaven,” just like we sometimes refer to “the skies,” as just “the sky.”

Genesis 1:1 is a good example of this. In the KJV it reads,

“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.”

However, in virtually every other translation, “the heaven” is translated “the heavens.” This is because in the beginning God created the first and second heavens (our atmosphere around our earth, and outer space). The third heaven, where God lives, has always existed, just like God has always existed.

Another good example of this is in II Kings 2:11 where Elijah was taken up into the sky by a chariot of fire and horses of fire by a whirlwind. The KJV and many other translations say that Elijah was taken into “heaven.” But some translations say, and the literal Hebrew translation is, “the heavens.” This is the same Hebrew word here that is used in Genesis 1:1 and many other places in the Old Testament. The word is “shâmayim” (shaw-MAH-yimm). It is what is called in the Hebrew a “dual” word. It means “two heavens.”

We know that Elijah was not taken up into Heaven (the third heaven, where God lives), because before Jesus came and lived and died and rose again from the dead, no one could go to Heaven (the third heaven, where God lives) because no one could get born again and become righteous by nature. And only people who are righteous by nature, and have no sin nature in them, can get into Heaven. Instead, when the Old Testament saints died (or when they were taken by the Lord without dying, as in the cases of Enoch (Genesis 5:24) and Elijah (II Kings 2:11)), they went down into the heart of the earth to a place of paradise called “Abraham’s Bosom.” (Luke 16:19-31) Luke 16:19-31 is the true story--not a parable--of a rich man and a man named “Lazarus.” Once Jesus was born again and rose from the dead, the people in Abraham’s Bosom were born again and then were taken to Heaven (the third heaven, where God lives) by Jesus. (Ephesians 4:8-10)

high school (senior high school, secondary school) -- grades 9 through 12. Normally a child is 14 years old when he or she begins high school. Each school year starts about the 1st of September and runs to the end of May.

holy kiss -- a kiss on the cheek.

holy matrimony -- the holy union (marriage) of two of God's people as husband and wife. "God's people" are Christians, so only the union of two Christians would be "holy matrimony." If one or both were not Christians, it would only be a marriage.

homosexual -- a person who commits homosexuality. Sometimes called "homo" for short.

homosexuality -- fornication where the people involved are of the same sex. Homosexuality is unnatural (against nature), and like beastiality, is also known as "sodomy." Romans 1:26-7 says,

“For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet.”

Homosexuality is a perverted behavior, and anyone who says that homosexuality is normal, is also perverted. The Word of God says that homosexuality is an abomination in the sight of God, and such people who commit this sin deserve the death penalty. Leviticus 20:13 says,

“If a man also lie with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.”

Other scriptures that mention homosexuality are: Genesis 19:4-7; Leviticus 18:22; I Corinthians 6:9; I Timothy 1:10; and Jude 7.

illegitimate child (bastard) -- a child who is conceived (comes into existence) outside of wedlock. A child who is “born” outside of wedlock may or may not be an illegitimate child. If a married woman conceives a child in wedlock, and while pregnant gets divorced or becomes a widow, and then gives birth to the child while she is unmarried, the child is NOT an illegitimate child. By the same token, a child who is “born” inside of wedlock is an illegitimate child if the child was conceived (came into existence) outside of wedlock.

infant (babe, baby) -- a child who has not yet reached the point in their life when they can speak. Once a child is old enough to talk, they are no longer an infant. This point is usually between one and two years of age.

Ingathering, Feast of (see Tabernacles, Feast of ).

invictus -- the Latin word for "unconquered."

James -- There are 4 different men named James in the Bible, all of whom are in the New Testament.

1) James, the son of Zebedee and Salome, and brother of John; one of the 12 original apostles.

2) James, the son of Alphaeus, and brother of Judas Lebbaeus; one of the 12 original apostles.

3) James, the brother (half-brother) of Jesus.

4) James the less, the son of Cleophas and Mary, and brother of Joses. (Matt. 27:56; Mark 15:40; 16:1; Luke 24:10) Mary, the wife of Cleophas, and Mary, the mother of Jesus, were sisters. (John 19:25) Therefore, James the less was the nephew of Mary, the mother of Jesus. James the less was NOT one of the 12 original apostles.

junior high school -- the last two years of grammar school; 7th and 8th grades. Normally a child is 12 years old when he or she begins junior high school.

Karman line -- the line that is used to define the boundary between the first and second heavens (between the earth’s atmosphere and outer space) which is about 100 kilometers above the surface of the earth.

kilometer -- a unit of measurement equal to 1,000 meters (5 furlongs). “Kilo” means “thousand.”

Lake Asphaltites (see Dead Sea).

leaven -- fermented dough; dough with ferment in it. The ferment in the dough would normally be yeast.

leavened bread -- bread made with leaven (fermented dough) in it. The fermentation then spreads through the entire batch of dough causing the dough to rise.

liar -- a person who tells lies.

lie -- a false statement spoken by a person who knows it to be false. Lying is a sin.

Lights, Feast of (see Hanukkah, Feast of ).

local church -- a pastor and a congregation. Usually just called a “church.”

logos (LOH-gohs) -- the Greek word for the “written word (of God).”

Lord’s Day -- the first day of the week; Sunday. So named because this is the day of the week on which the Lord rose from the dead. (In Bible times a day went from sunset to sunset--approximately 6:00 P.M. to 6:00 P.M. It is true that Jesus rose from the dead just after sunset at the conclusion of the Weekly Sabbath (Saturday). But since it was after sunset, this would be Sunday, the first day of the week. Therefore, the Lord did rise from the dead on the first day of the week. On our modern calendar we change from one day to the next at midnight (12:00 A.M.). So on our modern calendar, Jesus’ rising from the dead would be said to have taken place just after 6:00 P.M. Saturday evening.)

Lots, Feast of (see Purim, Feast of ).

lust -- inordinate desire.

Macedonia (mass-i-DOHN-ee-uh) -- the name of the province that comprised the northern portion of Greece. Its capital city was Thessalonica. (The name of the province of the southern portion was Achaia.)

manslaughter -- the accidental killing of a person.

marriage (noun) -- the state of being united (married) to a person of the opposite sex as husband and wife; wedlock.

Mary -- There are 6 different women named Mary in the Bible, all of whom are in the New Testament.

1) Mary of Nazareth, Galilee, the mother of Jesus, and sister of Mary, the wife of Cleophas (John 19:25).

2) Mary Magdalene (magg-duh-LEE-nuh).

3) Mary of Bethany, the sister of Lazarus and Martha (John 11:1-2).

4) Mary, the wife of Cleophas, and the mother of James the less and Joses (Matt. 27:56; Mark 15:40, 47; 16:1; Luke 24:10; John 19:25); one of “the women who followed Him from Galilee” (Luke 23:49, 55); sometimes called “the other Mary” (Matt. 27:61; 28:1). Mary, the wife of Cleophas, and Mary, the mother of Jesus, were sisters (John 19:25).

5) Mary, the mother of John Mark (Acts 12:12).

6) Mary of Rome; a Roman disciple (Rom. 16:6).

mesosphere (MEZZ-uss-feer) -- the area from about 50 kilometers above the earth to about 85 kilometers above the earth.

meter -- a unit of measurement that is 1/10,000,000 (one ten-millionth) of the distance from the equator to either the north or south pole. 1 meter = 2 cubits.

middle school -- the last three years of grammar school; 6th, 7th, and 8th grades. Normally a child is 11 years old when he or she begins middle school.

misspeak -- to say something incorrect accidentally. Misspeaking is NOT lying and thus is NOT a sin. (past tense--misspoke)

mistake -- an error that is committed accidentally. A mistake is NOT a sin.

mitzvah (MITZ-vuh) -- the Hebrew word for "commandment."

mitzvot (MITZ-voht) -- the Hebrew word for "commandments." (the plural of mitzvah)

murder -- the intentional killing of a person who does not deserve to die. This would include “first degree murder (also known as murder 1)”--the premeditated killing of a person--and, “second degree murder (also known as murder 2)”--the killing of someone on a spur of the moment decision.

natalis -- the Latin word for "birth."

outer space (see second heaven).

part-time ministry -- a term that some Christians use to denote a person who is in the ministry, but also has another job on the side. These people say that the apostle Paul was in "part-time ministry" because in addition to being in the ministry, he also worked making tents. (Acts 18:3)

THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS "PART-TIME MINISTRY" IN THE WORD OF GOD. According to the Word of God, you are either in the ministry, or not in the ministry. Whether or not a minister has another job, has nothing to do with it.

Passover, Day of -- the 14th day of the 1st month on the Jewish calendar (Abib or Nisan 14th). (definition to come)

Passover, Feast of (Feast of Unleavened Bread) -- the 15th day through the 21st day of the 1st month on the Jewish calendar (Abib or Nisan 15th through 21st). (definition to come)

Pentateuch -- the Law of God as given to Moses; the first 5 books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy); also known as the Torah.

Pentecost, Feast of (Feast of Weeks, Feast of Harvest, Day of Firstfruits of Wheat Harvest) -- The Feast of Pentecost, or Feast of Weeks, or Feast of Harvest, or Day of Firstfruits of Wheat Harvest as it is sometimes called (Acts 2:1; Exodus 34:22; 23:16), was one of the three Old Testament feasts instituted by God. (The other two being the Feast of Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles.) This feast was a one day feast observed on the 6th day of the 3rd month on the Jewish calendar (Sivan 6th). We have no record of what the name of the 3rd month was originally, but from the time of the Babylonian Captivity on, the 3rd month was called “Sivan.” The word “Pentecost” is from the Greek word “pentecoste” (penn-tay-cahs-TAY) and means “fiftieth.” The feast was so named because it was observed on the 50th day after the 1st day of the Feast of Passover. Many “Bible study helps” say that Pentecost is “the fiftieth day after Passover.” But this is very loose and unclear terminology, as this could mean “50 days after the Day of Passover” (50 days after Nisan 14th), or “50 days after the beginning of the Feast of Passover” (50 days after Nisan 15th), or “50 days after the end of the Feast of Passover” (50 days after Nisan 21st). The Bible explains that the first day of the Feast of Passover is a Sabbath Day, and that the Feast of Pentecost is 50 days after this day. (Leviticus 23:7,15-16)

The Feast of Pentecost was a Sabbath Day (Leviticus 23:21) which celebrated the reaping of the wheat harvest by offering the firstfruits of the wheat harvest unto the Lord. (Exodus 34:22; Leviticus 23:16-20)

Note: There is a tradition which claims that Moses received the commandments of the Old Covenant from God on Mount Sinai on the day of the Feast of Pentecost (Sivan 6th) in 1445 B.C. Not only can this not be substantiated by the Bible, but Pentecost is only a one day feast, whereas Moses spent 40 days--twice--(for a total of 80 days) on Mount Sinai receiving the Old Testament commandments.

Philistia (fill-ISS-tee-uh) -- a heathen nation that was on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea (the western border of Israel) that stretched about 80 kilometers from north to south (from Joppa to Gaza) and extended about 25 kilometers inland. The Philistines, who came from the island of Crete, invaded and took over this part of Israel around 1200 B.C.  Its principal cities were Joppa, Ekron, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Gath, and Gaza.

Philistines (fill-ISS-tinns) -- the people of Philistia.

physical death -- when a person’s spirit and soul leave their body. The person either goes to Heaven, if they are a believer, or goes to Hell (Hades), if they are an unbeliever. Their lifeless body remains on earth.

politics -- adult peer pressure.

polyandrist -- a female who commits polyandry. King David’s wife, Michal, was a polyandrist. (I Samuel 18:27; 25:44; II Samuel 3:15-16)

polyandry -- the act or practice of having multiple (two or more) husbands at the same time. (Since the creation of Adam and Eve, this has always been a sin.)

polygamist -- a person who commits polygamy.

polygamy -- the act or practice of having multiple (two or more) spouses at the same time. (Since the creation of Adam and Eve, this has always been a sin.)

polygynist -- a male who commits polygyny.

polygyny -- the act or practice of having multiple (two or more) wives at the same time. (Since the creation of Adam and Eve, this has always been a sin.)

primary school (elementary school, grade school, grammar school) -- grades 1 through 8. Normally a child is 6 years old when he or she begins  primary school.  Each school year starts about the 1st of September and runs to the end of May.

pro-choice -- for, or in favor of a mother’s choice to murder her own unborn child.

pro-life -- for, or in favor of life and keeping all people alive as long as possible.

prostitute (harlot) -- a whore who receives payment for committing fornication. (Payment could be in any form such as money, food, clothing, housing, transportation, employment, entertainment, special favors, etc.)

Purim, Feast of (Feast of Lots) -- the 14th & 15th days of the 12th month on the Jewish calendar (Adar 14th & 15th). (definition to come)

raised from the dead -- when a person’s spirit and soul return to their body and the person becomes physically alive again. Such a person is said to be “raised from the dead” and will physically die again someday. This can only happen in the case of believers. Unbelievers cannot be “raised from the dead” because that would mean that they would have to come up out of Hell (Hades) and get back into their bodies. And no one can be delivered from Hell once they go there. (see Raised From the Dead and Resurrected)

resurrected -- when a person’s spirit and soul are reunited with their body and they never die (physically) again. This will happen to everyone in the end when everyone gets judged. The wicked will then be cast into the lake of fire (Gehenna), and the Christians will go to Heaven. Jesus is the only person who has been resurrected thus far. (see Raised From the Dead and Resurrected)

resurrection -- Aside from the resurrection of Jesus, there are two resurrections spoken of in the Bible. (see first resurrection, second resurrection)

resurrection of damnation (see second resurrection).

resurrection of life (see first resurrection).

rhema (RAY-muh) -- the Greek word for the “spoken word (of God).”

Sabbath -- a day of rest that was mandated under the Old Covenant. There were various Sabbath days observed under the Old Covenant, the most well-known of which, was the Weekly Sabbath which occurred every Saturday.

The other 7 Sabbath days were based upon calendar dates, and thus could fall on any day of the week, and were:

1) The first day of the Feast of Passover. (Nisan 15th)

2) The last day of the Feast of Passover. (Nisan 21st)

3) The Feast of (Day of) Pentecost. (Sivan 6th)

4) The Day of Trumpets. (Tishri 1st)

5) The Day of Atonement. (Tishri 10th)

6) The first day of the Feast of Tabernacles. (Tishri 15th)

7) The last day of the Feast of Tabernacles. (Tishri 22nd)

Salt Sea (see Dead Sea).

Saturn -- the Roman god of agriculture and harvest.

Saturnalia -- a Roman pagan festival observed from about December 17th to December 25th, that celebrated the belief that Saturn, the god of agriculture and harvest, was in need of the sun god to complete his job.

Sea of Asphalt (see Dead Sea).

Sea of Lot (see Dead Sea).

Sea of the Arabah (see Dead Sea).

Sea of the Plain (see Dead Sea).

second death -- what the wicked will experience when they are cast into the lake of fire (Gehenna) on judgment day. This is not a cessation of existence. The wicked will be tormented forever in the lake of fire.

second heaven -- outer space, or “space” for short. It begins where the earth’s atmosphere ends (at about 100 kilometers above the earth, where the Karman line is) and extends outward. This is where the moon is, the planets are, the stars are, etc.

second resurrection (resurrection of damnation) -- the resurrection of the wicked. This takes place after the millennium. They (the wicked) will then be judged and cast into the lake of fire, which is the second death.

secondary school (senior high school, high school) -- grades 9 through 12. Normally a child is 14 years old when he or she begins secondary school. Each school year starts about the 1st of September and runs to the end of May.

senior high school (high school, secondary school) -- grades 9 through 12. Normally a child is 14 years old when he or she begins senior high school. Each school year starts about the 1st of September and runs to the end of May.

sexual sin (fornication) -- any kind of sexual activity outside of marriage. (see What is Fornication?)

Siddim (the valley of the fields) -- (see vale of Siddim).

sin -- the act of transgressing (breaking, disobeying) the Word of God--either the written Word (logos), or the spoken Word (rhema). A person cannot commit a sin “by accident.” Sinning is a willful act. A sin is NOT a mistake. A sin is NOT a fault. (see What is Sin?)

sinner -- This word is used two different ways in the Scriptures: 1) Sometimes it is used in the traditional sense of “one who sins.” In this sense it could apply to anyone who sins--unbelievers as well as believers who are committing sins. 2) Sometimes this word is used in referring to a person who is a sinner by nature --a person who is not born again and thus has the nature of sin in him. A person who has been born again is a Christian and is NOT a sinner by nature any more. The Bible says that such a person (a person who has been born again) has the nature of God inside of him and he is righteous by nature. A Christian is NOT “a sinner saved by grace,” and so should never confess this. A Christian has been saved by grace and thus is no longer a sinner.

Sodomite (SODD-umm-ite) -- a resident of the city of Sodom, one of the five “cities of the plain.” (The other four cities were Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Bela (Zoar).) There are no Sodomites (residents of Sodom) alive today, as they, as well as the Gomorrahites (residents of Gomorrah), the Admahites (residents of Admah), and the Zeboiimites (residents of Zeboiim) were destroyed with their cities in 2066 B.C. when God rained brimstone and fire from heaven upon them because of their sinfulness. (Genesis 19:24-5)

Although Bela (Zoar) was also supposed to be destroyed along with the other four cities of the plain with brimstone and fire, it was not destroyed because Lot asked and was granted permission from the Lord (via two of His angels) to flee there. The small city remained for many centuries, but is no longer in existence today.

Because the Dead Sea has no outlet, and millions of liters of water pour into it every day from the Jordan River and several other sources, the level of the sea rose for centuries since the destruction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim. Today, the ruins of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Bela (Zoar) are located underneath what is now the expanded southern portion of the Dead Sea.

sodomite (SODD-umm-ite) (masculine noun) -- the Old Testament word for a male fornicator; the equivalent of the New Testament word, “whoremonger.” This of course included--but was not limited to--male prostitutes. (Deut. 23:17; I Kings 14:24; 15:12; 22:46; II Kings 23:7)

sodomy (SODD-umm-ee) -- unnatural (against nature) sexual relations; beastiality and homosexuality. The word sodomy is not found in the Bible, but it (beastiality and homosexuality) is referred to in Genesis 19:4-5; Exodus 22:19; Leviticus 18:22-3; 20:13, 15-6; Deuteronomy 27:21; Romans 1:26-7; I Corinthians 6:9; I Timothy 1:10; and Jude 7. Sodomy is a perverted behavior, and anyone who says that sodomy is normal, is also perverted. The Word of God says that sodomy is an abomination in the sight of God, and such people who commit this sin deserve the death penalty. Exodus 22:19 says,

“Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.”

Leviticus 18:22-3, 29 says,

“Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind: it is abomination. Neither shalt thou lie with any beast to defile thyself therewith: neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto: it is confusion (perversion)...For whosoever shall commit any of these abominations, even the souls that commit them shall be cut off from among their people.”

sol -- the Latin word for "sun."

Sol Invictus (unconquered sun) -- the official sun god of the Later Roman Empire.

space (see second heaven).

spiritual death -- separation from God; not in a relationship with God. People who are of an accountable age (see What is "the Age of Accountability?") and not Christians are spiritually dead. If a person physically dies in this state, they will go to Hell (Hades).

stratosphere (STRATT-uss-feer) -- the area from about 11 kilometers above the earth to about 50 kilometers above the earth.

Tabernacles, Feast of (Feast of Booths, Feast of Ingathering) -- the 15th day through the 22nd day of the 7th month on the Jewish calendar (Ethanim or Tishri 15th through 22nd). (definition to come)

thermosphere (THURR-muss-feer) -- the area from about 85 kilometers above the earth to about 690 kilometers above the earth.

third heaven -- This is where God lives. Heaven, the third heaven, has always existed just like God has always existed. However, it was not always called the third heaven. It only began being called the third heaven when “God created the heavens (the first heaven and the second heaven) and the earth.” (Genesis 1:1) The Bible says that Heaven (if it is capitalized, it is referring to the third heaven) is somewhere north of the earth. (Psalm 48:2; Isaiah 14:13; Psalm 75:6-7) It may be so far away that we cannot see it, or it may not be visible to us because it is in the spiritual realm.

Torah -- the Law of God as given to Moses; the first 5 books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy); also known as the Pentateuch.

troposphere (TROPP-uss-feer) -- the first part the earth’s atmosphere, from the earth’s surface to about 11 kilometers above the earth.

Trumpets, Day of -- the 1st day of the 7th month on the Jewish calendar (Ethanim or Tishri 1st). (definition to come)

universal church -- all people who are Christians. Called “church” for short.

unleavened bread -- bread made without using leaven (fermented dough).

Unleavened Bread, Feast of (see Passover, Feast of ).

vale -- a valley.

vale of Siddim -- a vale, or valley of slime (bitumen) pits that was located near the five cities of the plain (Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Bela (Zoar)). Because of the rising of the water level of the Dead Sea over the years, and the subsidence of the land, this valley, as well as the five cities of the plain, are now under the water of the expanded southern portion of the Dead Sea.

viper -- venomous snake.

Weekly Sabbath -- a day of rest that that was mandated under the Old Covenant and took place on the last day of the week, Saturday. So named to distinguish it from the seven other Sabbath days that were observed under the Old Covenant. The Weekly Sabbath Day has NEVER been moved to Sunday.

Weeks, Feast of (see Pentecost, Feast of ).

whore -- a female who commits fornication.

whoremonger (sodomite) -- a male who commits fornication. The Old Testament uses the word "sodomite" to denote a male fornicator. The New Testament uses the word "whoremonger" to denote a male fornicator.

young boy -- a boy who is not a baby, but who is under the age of 12 (has not yet reached his 12th birthday).

young child -- a child who is not a baby, but who is under the age of 12 (has not yet reached their 12th birthday).

young girl -- a girl who is not a baby, but who is under the age of 12 (has not yet reached her 12th birthday).

young man -- an adult male who is under the age of 60 (has not yet reached his 60th birthday). (see What is Young? What is Old?)

young woman -- an adult female who is under the age of 60 (has not yet reached her 60th birthday). (see What is Young? What is Old?)

youth (noun) -- A youth is a child from the age of 12 through the age of 19. Jether, the firstborn son of Gideon, was a youth when he was told by his father to slay Zebah and Zalmunna, the two Midianite kings, in Judges 8. David was a youth when he slew the Philistine giant, Goliath of Gath, in I Samuel 17. Jesus was a youth when He stayed behind in Jerusalem after the Feast of the Passover without telling His parents. (Luke 2:40-50)

A person in their youth is a person under the age of 60.

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This page last updated November 7, 2014.